Joseph Ratzinger

Joseph Ratzinger

Joseph Ratzinger (1927-), Pope Benedict XVI. He was born at Marktl am Inn in Germany on April 16, 1927. From 1946 to 1951 he studied philosophy and theology in Freising and at the University of Munich.

He received his priestly ordination on June 29, 1951. In 1953 he obtained his doctorate in theology with a thesis entitled People and House of God in St. Augustine’s Doctrine of the Church. Four years later he prepared The Theology of History in St. Bonaventure (habilitatio).

He was present at the Vatican Council as theological advisor of Cardinal Joseph Frings, Archbishop of Cologne.

On March 25, 1977 Pope Paul VI named him Archbishop of Munich and Freising. During the Consistory of June 27, 1977 he became a Cardinal. John Paul II named him Prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith and President of the Pontifical Biblical Commission and of the International Theological Commission on November 25, 1981.

He published among others The Ratzinger Report (1985), Eschatology (1988), The Nature and Mission of Theology (1995), Salt of the Earth (1997).

The notion of person, just as the idea accompanying it, are a legacy of Christian theology. In other words, they were developed mostly during a discussion between human thought and the truths of Christian faith, and in this way they entered into the history of thought.

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