Karol Wojtyła

Karol Wojtyła

Karol Wojtyła (1920-), John Paul II the Great, a Personalist in Ethics. In his postdoctoral dissertation (habilitatio) entitled An Evaluation of the Possibility of Constructing a Christian Ethics on the Basis of the System of Max Scheler Karol Wojtyła presented his Ethical Personalism.

The Primate of Poland Stefan Cardinal Wyszyński and Bishop Karol Wojtyła participated in the Second Vatican Council (1962-1965). When Schema 13 was being studied, which was later to become the Pastoral Constitution on the Church in the modern world, Gaudium et spes, Bishop Wojtyła spoke on personalism.

“Subjectivity and subjectivism” is a brilliant fragment from his famous book Person and Act (Osoba i czyn, Kraków 1969).

“The Church, by reason of her role and competence, is not identified in any way with the political community nor bound to any political system. She is at once a sign and a safeguard of the transcendent character of the human person.” (Gaudium et spes, 76)

The preceding analyses have brought us to the point when it becomes possible, and even in a way necessary, to make a clear distinction between man’s “subjectivity” – which we are here considering together with the analysis of consciousness – and “subjectivism” as a mental attitude.

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