PRESENTATION OF THE PERSON OF THE PRIMATE OF THE MILLENNIUM

Marek Gacka

Marek Gacka

Marek Gacka (1952-), Editor of the biannual Personalism, famous antiquarian bookseller, a great specialist in books. Marek was born on October 17, 1952 in the town of Turek, Poland, and he is the eldest of the “three musketeers” of Władysław and Klara Gacka. On August 11, 1979 he married Danuta Uszyńska, they have three daughters: Karolina (1980), Gabriela (1983) and Aleksandra (1984).

Marek studied Polish Philology at the Catholic University of Lublin while pursuing his studies with different universities (University of Heidelberg, Germany). He is the initiator of Personalism Association.

Marek and Fr. Bogumił, his brother, presented His Holiness John Paul II with the Personalism Tribute while celebrating the Silver Jubilee of the Great Pontificate on September 12, 2003.

“The fate of communism will not be decided in Russia, but in Poland. When Poland becomes strong in her faith she will start to destroy communism and win a victory over it. The whole world will be grateful to Poland for that.”

Stefan Cardinal Wyszyński, 1953

1901-1981

  1901
Son of Stanisław Wyszyński and Julianna née Karp, Stefan Wyszyński is born on August 3, 1901 in a little village of Zuzela. He is baptized in the parish church in Zuzela, PL on August 5, 1901.
  1910
Stefan’s parents move to Andrzejowo. On October 31 Julianna Wyszyńska – Stefan’s mother dies and is buried in a cemetery in Andrzejewo, Poland.
  1913
In the parish church in Andrzejewo Stefan receives the Sacrament of Confirmation from the hands of Bishop Julian Nowowiejski.
  1912—1914
He attends grammar school in Warsaw, PL. 1914—1917 He attends secondary school in Łomża, PL.
  1917—1920
He attends secondary school in Włocławek, PL. 1920 He enrolls in the Roman Catholic Seminary in Włocławek, PL.
  1924
On August 3 Stefan Wyszyński is ordained into the priesthood by Bishop Wojciech Owczarek in the chapel of Virgin Mary in the Włocławek Cathedral.
  On August 5 Stefan Wyszyński celebrates his first Holy Mass in the chapel of Virgin Mary in the Jasna Góra Sanctuary. In October he is sent as assistant pastor to a parish in Włocławek. He also takes the editorial position of a daily newspaper “Słowo Kujawskie” (Kujawy Word).
  1925
Enrolls in the Faculty of Canon Law and the Social Sciences of the Catholic University of Lublin, PL.
  1927
On December 27 he earns a licentiate in Canon Law. 1929 He defends his thesis The Rights of the Family, Church and State to Schools on June 22; he earns a doctorate in canon law.
  1929
He travels on a scholarship to Austria, Italy, France, Belgium, Holland, and Germany.
  1930
He takes on the duties of assistant pastor in a parish in Przedecz Kujawski, Poland.
  1931
He is appointed professor at the Seminary in Włocławek
  1932
He becomes editor of a Catholic monthly journal “Ateneum Kapłańskie.”
  1933—1939
He works in the Marian Society of Landowners and heads the Christian Workers’ University. Additionally, he assists the Christian Labor Union in Włocławek.
  1937
He is appointed member of the Cardinal-Primate August Hlond’s Social Council.
  1939—1942
After the outbreak of World War II he leaves Włocławek at the request of Bishop M. Kozal and goes to his family’s house in Wrociszew, PL; he later stays in Kozłówka in the Lublin region and then in Żułów, PL.
  1942
He is designated to serve as chaplain of the Institute for the Blind in Laski, Poland.
  1944
During the Warsaw Uprising he serves as chaplain of the Kampinos unit of the Armia Krajowa Polish underground resistance army and as chaplain for the insurgents’ hospital in Laski, PL under the pseudonym Radwan III.
  1945
He returns to Włocławek, founds a weekly “Ład Boży” (God’s Order) and becomes rector of the Seminary in Włocławek which has its temporary seat in Lubraniec, PL since it is devastated after the war. He also works as pastor at two neighboring parishes.
  On August 15 he is nominated canon capitular of the Włocławek Chapter. He uses a pen name dr Stefan Zuzelski to publish The Holy See and the Post-War World.
  1946
On March 25 he receives the nomination to the Lublin Bishopry from Cardinal-Primate August Hlond. Starting on May 4 he leads a retreat at the Jasna Góra Sanctuary before being anointed Bishop by Primate August Hlond on May 12; co-consecrating Bishops were Bishop Karol Radoński of Włocławek and Bishop Stanisław Czajka of Częstochowa.
  On May 22-24 Bishop Stefan Wyszyński attends his first Plenary Session of the Episcopate of Poland. The installation ceremony of Bishop Wyszyński to the Lublin Cathedral takes place on May 25.
  On September 28 he delivers a speech at the funeral of his spiritual leader, Prelate Władysław Korniłowicz.
  1947
On June 7-8 he receives the Primate of Poland August Hlond, and Primate B. Griffin as the Bishop of Lublin. He consecrates Bishop Zdzisław Goliński (it is Stefan Wyszyński’s first anointment of a Bishop).
  On September 4-10 he attends a session of the Episcopate of Poland at Jasna Góra in Częstochowa and gives a homily during the opening ceremony.
  1948
On October 22 he is informed about the death of Cardinal-Primate August Hlond and he attends the Primate’s funeral on October 26.
  On November 12 Pope Pius XII designates him Metropolitan Archbishop of Gniezno and Warsaw. The responsibilities and title of Primate of Poland are connected with the See of Gniezno, the cradle of Polish Christianity.
  1949
Primate Stefan Wyszyński’s installation ceremony to the Primatial Basilica in Gniezno is held on February 2, and on February 6 to the Warsaw Cathedral. After taking on the responsibilities of the Primate of Poland he goes on retreat to the Jasna Góra Sanctuary on February 9-19.
  1950
On April 14 an agreement is signed between the Polish government and the Episcopate of Poland.
  1951
He is invitated by the Polish President Bolesław Bierut to talk about the church administration in the Western and Northern Polish Territories on February 5. He goes to Rome with his Secretary Rev. Antoni Baraniak and Bishop Michał Klepacz of Łódź on April 4. On April 9 he is received in audience by Pope Pius XII.
  On April 27 he is again received in audience by the Pope. He finishes his stay in Rome on May 1.
He meets with the President of the Republic of Poland Bolesław Bierut.
  1952
A list of twenty-four newly appointed Cardinals is announced on November 29. Among them is Metropolitan of Gniezno and Warsaw Archbishop Stefan Wyszyński, Primate of Poland.
  1953
Primate Wyszyński does not attend the Consistory in Rome, during which he is created and proclaimed Cardinal, as he is not granted a passport. Instead, he consecrates the Archbishops’ House in Warsaw on January 12 and receives homage from the priests present at the ceremony. He gives a homily on September 25 in St Anna’s Church in Warsaw, Poland. In the afternoon he is informed of the decision taken by the Council of Ministers forbidding him to further perform his church functions. At night he is taken in an unknown direction from the Archbishops’ House in Warsaw. The news comes later that Primate Wyszyński was taken to a Capuchin Monastery (the Capuchin friars were removed from the premises beforehand) in Rywałd Królewski near Grudziądz, PL. He is taken from Rywałd to Stoczek Warmiński near Lidzbark, PL on September 12.
  On December 8 he performs the Act of Surrendering himself through the hands of the Virgin Mary into complete servitude to Christ.
  1954
On October 6 he is flown from Stoczek to Prudnik Śląski, PL.
  1955
On October 29 he is taken from Prudnik to Komańcza, PL, to the Convent of Sisters of the Holy Family of Nazareth. There he writes Reflections in the shadow of the Liturgical Year and The letter to my priests.
  1956
On May 16 Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński writes the text of the Jasna Góra Vows of the Polish Nation.
In May and June he prepares a commentary to the Vows which are taken at Jasna Góra on August 26. He returns to Warsaw on October 28, after three years of imprisonment. He resumes his pastoral work.
  1957
He is invited by Prime Minister Józef Cyrankiewicz to speak with him on January 14 about the relations between the Church and the State.
  On April 2 he goes to the Jasna Góra Sanctuary for the first time since his imprisonment.
  On May 1 he meets with the First Secretary of the Communist Party Władysław Gomułka and with Prime Minister Józef Cyrankiewicz. He talks with them about his upcoming trip to Rome, Italy.
  On May 3 at Jasna Góra he ceremoniously starts the Great Novena before the Millennium of Christianity in Poland (Baptism of Poland 966–1966). He leaves for Rome on May 6.
  On May 14 he is received in audience by Pope Pius XII. After a 45-minute conversation of the Primate with the Holy Father the Pope receives in audience the Polish Bishops, priests, and the Polish people living in Italy. The Pope consecrates a copy of the painting of the Black Madonna from Jasna Góra, Poland. The copy of the miraculous painting is later to be taken to all parishes in Poland.
  On May 18 Primate Wyszyński receives the Cardinal’s ring and the Cardinal’s zuchetto from His Holiness Pius XII.
  On May 30 he is assigned a church in Rome as a symbol of his participation in the pastoral care of the Pope for the City.
  On June 13 Pope Pius XII receives him in audience together with Polish priests and Polish pilgrims.
  On June 16 he returns to Warsaw.
  1958
On January 1 he conducts an elevenhour-long conversation with the First Secretary of the Communist Party Władysław Gomułka and Prime Minister Józef Cyrankiewicz. They discuss the Church – state relations in their entirety, but do not reach an agreement. After this meeting the government launches an all-out offensive against the Church and the Primate’s planned ceremonies marking a thousand years of Christianity in Poland. On October 20 he leaves for the Conclave in Rome after Pius XII’s death.
  On October 25 Conclave begins.
  On October 28 he pays homage to the newly elected Pope John XXIII (Cardinal A.G. Roncalli).
  On November 4 he attends the coronation ceremony of John XXIII.
  On November 14 he is granted an audience with His Holiness John XXIII.
  On November 15 he attends the secret Consistory.
  On December 17 the Holy Father receives Cardinal Wyszyński in a farewell audience before the Primate’s return to Warsaw.
  On December 18 he participates in the public Consistory, during which the names of new members of the College of Cardinals are announced.
  1959
On January 12 he is present at a ceremony in St John’s Metropolitan Seminary in Warsaw marking the 200th anniversary of establishing this Seminary.
  1960
On January 11 he has a conversation with the First Secretary of the Communist Party Władysław Gomułka.
  On June 9 he consecrates the Warsaw Cathedral of St John the Baptist.
  1961
On May 19 in Laski he delivers a speech during the funeral of Mother Elżbieta Czacka, founder of the Congregation of Franciscan Sisters Servants of the Cross.
  1962
On June 6 he concludes the diocesan process of canonizing the servant of God fr. Maximilian Kolbe.
  On February 14 he leaves for Rome to participate in the works of the Central Preparatory Commission for the Second Vatican Council.
  On February 17 he is received in audience by Pope John XXIII.
  On February 19 he takes part in a session of the Central Preparatory Commission for the Second Vatican Council, during which John XXIII gives praise to the Black Madonna of the Jasna Góra Sanctuary and entrusts the proceedings of the Central Commission to Her care.
  On February 22 in St Peter’s Basilica Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński attends a general audience of John XXIII for those who will preach during Lent in Rome and for the members of the Central Commission.
  On February 25 he is granted an audience with John XXIII in the Pope’s private office. He is present during the Angelus Domini and the Holy Father’s blessing of those gathered in St Peter’s Square. At the request of the Pope Cardinal Wyszyński stands next to him during the blessing.
  On March 8 Pope John XXIII receives him in a farewell audience before the Primate’s trip back to Poland. During the audience Primate Wyszyński addresses the Poles living in Rome.
  On April 24 he opens the Synod of the Archdiocese of Gniezno, which is in session until April 27.
  On October 6 he leaves for the First Session of the Second Vatican Council.
  On October 8 he is granted a private audience with Pope John XXIII. Later he is present during a hearing for the Council Fathers from Poland.
  On November 11 he attends the opening ceremony of the Second Vatican Council in St Peter’s Basilica in Rome.
  On November 13 he receives Pope John XXIII, who pays tribute to St Stanisław Kostka in St Andrew’s Church in Rome.
  On November 25 he is received by the Holy Father in audience and he delivers a speech as a representative of the Polish Bishops.
  On December 8 he is present at the closing ceremony of the First Session of the Second Vatican Council.
  1963
On April 26 he has a conversation with the First Secretary of the Com-munist Party Władysław Gomułka. Their discussion concerns the diplomatic relations between the Polish People’s Republic and the Holy See.
  On May 6 Primate Wyszyński travels to Rome.
  On May 9 he is granted a two-hour long audience by the Pope John XXIII in St John’s Tower in the Vatican Gardens.
  On May 10 he attends the ceremony of awarding the Balzan Peace Prize to His Holiness John XXIII.
  On May 20 Pope John XXIII receives the Primate of Poland together with Archbishop A. Baraniak, Archbishop B. Kominek and Bishop F. Jop in audience.
  On May 25 Cardinal Wyszyński returns to Warsaw. On June 10 he leaves for the Conclave in Rome after Pope John XXIII has died.
  On June 12 he lays Polish flowers on the tomb of the late Pope. On June 19 the Conclave begins.
  On June 21 Paul VI is elected Pope (Cardinal J.B. Montini), Primate Wyszyński pays homage.
  On June 30 Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński attends the coronation ceremony of His Holiness Paul VI.
  On July 4 he is granted an audience with Pope Paul VI.
  On July 7 he travels back to Warsaw. On September 25 he leaves for the Second Session of the Second Vatican Council, which lasts until December 4.
  On September 29 he attends the opening of the Second Session of the Council. He is received in audience by the Pope in his private apartments. Primate Wyszyński presents His Holiness with a copy of the painting of the Black Madonna from Jasna Góra in Częstochowa, Poland.
  On September 16 he is received with the Polish Council Fathers by Pope Paul VI. He gives a speech during the audience.
  On November 4 he delivers a speech to the Pope, the Council Fathers, the alumni, and the members of the diplomatic corps on the occasion of the 400th anniversary of establishing seminaries by the Council of Trent.
  On December 2 he is granted an audience by Paul VI. Together with the Pope he attends on December 3 the ceremony of concluding the celebrations of the 400th anniversary of the Council of Trent.
  On December 4 he participates in a public session of the Second Vatican Council, during which Paul VI announces the Constitution on the Liturgy and other documents.
  On December 5 Cardinal Wyszyński returns to Warsaw.
  1964
On May 6 in Rome he is granted an hour-long audience with Pope Paul VI.
  On May 17 he takes part in the pontifical ceremonial mass of Paul VI on the Pentecost. He is received in private audience by Paul VI and invited to supper together with the Rector of the Polish Institute, Prelate Franciszek Mączyński.
  On September 3 in the Jasna Góra Chapel he surrenders himself together with the Episcopate of Poland to the Virgin Mary in servitude for the Church.
  On September 5 he attends in Cracow’s Wawel Cathedral a solemn session marking the sexcentenary of the Jagiellonian University, Poland’s oldest seat of learning.
  On September 11 he leaves for the Council in Rome.
  On September 14 he is present at the opening of the Third Session of the Second Vatican Council, which lasts until November 21.
  On September 15 he is received in audience by Paul VI, and he presents to the Pope a Memorial of the Episcopate of Poland, which advocates announcing the Holy Mother the Mother of the Church and for dedicating the whole world to Her Immaculate Heart.
  On September 16 he addresses the General Congregation of the Council proposing to dedicate the Church to the Heart of the Blessed Virgin Mary and announcing Her the Mother of the Church.
  On November 4 he is received by the Pope in audience together with Polish Council Fathers, and he gives a speech on behalf of the Polish Bishops.
  On November 21 he attends a public session of the Council, during which Paul VI announces Mary the Mother of the Church. He is received by the Pope in audience once more before leaving the Vatican.
  1965
  On May 5 he leaves for Rome.
  On May 11 he is granted an hourlong audience with Paul VI. On May 20 Pope Paul VI receives him again in a farewell audience.
  On September 1 he chairs a solemn session of the Episcopate of Poland in the Wrocław Cathedral on the occasion of the 20th anniversary of reuniting the Western and Northern Territories with the rest of Poland.
  On September 11 he travels with other Polish Bishops to Rome to attend the Council.
  On September 14 he takes part in Paul VI’s pontifical High Mass on the opening of the Fourth Session of the Second Vatican Council together with the Fathers presiding over the Council, the moderators and secretaries. Cardinal Wyszyński participates in a penitential procession in the Council’s intention, led by Paul VI from Basilica Sessoriana to Basilica of St John Lateran.
  On September 16 he is received in private audience by Pope Paul VI, and he submits a petition for a letter to the Polish nation on the occasion of the Millennium of Christianity in Poland. He informs the Pope about the campaign of surrendering each Polish parish and diocese into Virgin Mary’s maternal servitude.
  On October 5 he is present during a welcome ceremony of Pope Paul VI, who is returning from his visit to the United Nations.
  On November 13 he is received by Paul VI in audience together with the Polish Council Fathers. He delivers a speech concerning Poland’s Millennium of Christianity on behalf of the Polish Church.
  On December 8 he attends a public session closing the Second Vatican Council.
  On December 9 he is one more time received in audience by Paul VI.
  On December 19 he delivers a homily in the church dedicated to the Purest Heart of Mary in Grochowo. He speaks about the Address of the Polish Bishops to their German Brothers (this letter was met with a violent reaction of the state authorities and the national mass media). This address was among many others given by the Polish Bishops to the Episcopates of the world as part of the preparation for the Millennium of Christianity in Poland.

  1966
  Year of the Millennium of the
  Baptism of Poland
  On January 1 Primate Wyszyński participates in the pontifical High Mass celebrated in the Primatial Basilica in Gniezno by Bishop Lucjan Bernacki. He delivers a speech on the opening of the Year of the Millennium of the Baptism of Poland.
  On April 9 he participates in the Easter Vigil Liturgy and in the solemn renewal of the Baptismal vows during the liturgical anniversary of the Baptism of Poland.
  On April 15-16 Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński chairs a special conference in the Primatial Seminary in Gniezno called on the occasion of the Sacrum Poloniae Millennium.
  On April 17 he attends the millennial celebrations of the Archdiocese of Poznań, PL.
  On May 3 he leads the millennial celebrations in the Jasna Góra Sanctuary. He delivers a welcome speech as the legate of Pope Paul VI and the homily during the main Mass. He performs the Act of Surrendering Poland into the maternal servitude to the Mother of God. He administers the apostolic blessing and puts on new, millennial crowns on the Miraculous Painting of the Virgin Mary of Częstochowa.
  On May 7 he attends the millennial celebrations of the Archdiocese of Cracow, Poland. On May 8 he chairs the Millennial Plenary Conference of the Episcopate of Poland in the Wawel Castle in Cracow, Poland.
  On May 22 he attends the millennial celebrations of the Diocese of Katowice in Piekary Śląskie, PL.
  On May 28-29 he attends the millennial celebrations of the Diocese of Gdańsk, PL.
  On June 5 he attends the millennial celebrations of the Diocese of Lublin.
  On June 18 he attends the millennial celebrations in Olsztyn, PL.
  On June 21-26 he attends the millennial celebrations of the Archdiocese of Warsaw, PL.
  On June 29 he attends the millennial celebrations of the Archdiocese of Gniezno and the Diocese of Włocławek, PL.
  On July 2-3 he attends the millennial celebrations of the Diocese of Sandomierz, PL.
  On July 16-17 he attends the millennial celebrations of the Diocese of Kielce, PL.
  On July 23-24 he attends the millennial celebrations of the Diocese in Tarnów, PL.
  On August 6-7 he attends the diocesan millennial celebrations in Łomża, PL.
  On August 14-15 he attends the millennial celebrations in Opole, PL.
  On August 20-21 he attends the millennial celebrations of the Diocese of Przemyśl, PL.
  On September 10-11 he attends the millennial celebrations of the Diocese of Chełmno, PL.
  On September 17-18 he attends the millennial celebrations of the Diocese of Siedlce, PL.
  On October 1-2 he attends the millennial celebrations of the Diocese of Drohiczyn, PL.
  On October 8-9 he attends the millennial celebrations of the Diocese of Włocławek, PL.
  On October 16-17 he attends the diocesan millennial celebrations in Trzebnica and Wrocław, PL.
  On October 23 he attends the millennial celebrations of the Archdiocese in Lubaczów, PL.
  On November 5-6 he attends the millennial celebrations in Zielona Góra and Gorzów, PL.
  On November 12-13 he attends the millennial celebrations of the Diocese of Płock, PL.
  On November 15-20 he attends the millennial celebrations of the Archdiocese in Białystok, PL.
  On November 28 Primate Stefan Wyszyński celebrates Eucharist in the Chapel of the Virgin Mary in Jasna Góra in gratitude for the Millennium of the Baptism of Poland and he concludes the pilgrimage of Bishops along the historical trails of the Christian Millennium.
  1967
  On January 1 he participates in the closing celebrations of the Millenium of the Baptism of Poland in Warsaw’s Cathedral of St John the Baptist.
  On February 14 he receives Paul VI’s envoy, Monsignor Agostino Casaroli.
  On March 12 Cardinal Wyszyński receives Monsignor Casaroli after his return from Rome.
  On March 13 he travels to Gniezno with Mons. Casaroli and receives him in the Primatial Seminary. He delivers a speech during a formal welcome of Mons. Casaroli in the Primatial Basilica. Lent. Primate Wyszyński inaugurates the Social Crusade of Love.
  On June 10-11 he attends the millennial celebrations of the Diocese of Łódź, PL.
  On August 20 he attends the ceremonies marking the 400th anniversary of Stanisław Kostka’s birth.
  On September 29 – October 29 he does not attend the Synod of Bishops in Rome because he is not granted a visa to leave the country.
  1968
  On June 30 in connection with the millennial celebrations of the Diocese of Poznań Cardinal Wyszyński celebrates the Holy Mass for nuns, and he delivers a speech.
  On November 4 he leaves for the ad limina Apostolorum visit to Rome.
  On November 7 he is granted a private audience with Pope Paul VI.
  On November 10 he is received by the Pope in his private apartments for dinner.
  On December 7 he is received together with the Polish Bishops by the Holy Father and he gives a speech as a representative of the Episcopate of Poland.
  On December 11 he returns to Warsaw.
  On December 20 he attends a jubilee session on the 50th anniversary of founding the Congregation of Franciscan Sisters Servants of the Cross and of the Association for Care of Blind People in Laski, near Warsaw, Poland.
  1969
  On May 17 he receives the Jesuit General Superior, Father Pedro Aruppe.
  On May 18 he attends the 400th anniversary celebrations of establishing the Seminary in Włocławek. He gives a homily.
  On August 26 he announces his Pastoral Letter To the people of good will. He inaugurates his work of The Helpers of the Mother of God.
  On October 7 he participates in the First Extraordinary Synod of Bishops in Rome.
  On October 11 he takes part in the opening ceremony of the Extraordinary Synod in the Sistine Chapel attended also by the Holy Father.
  On October 13 he delivers a speech during a session of the Extraordinary Synod.
  On October 28 he celebrates Holy Mass in the clinic in Via Flaminia, where he stays until November 24.
  On November 3 Monsignor P. Macchi and Monsignor P. Marcinkus visit Cardinal Wyszyński to bring him books and greetings from the Pope.
  On December 15 Primate Wyszyński is granted a private audience before his departure to Poland. During a joint audience for the Bishops and Rectors of the Polish Missions for the Pastoral Work among the Emigrants he addresses the Holy Father. He later attends the secret, semi-public, and public Consistory, and then receives Archbishop A. Casaroli. Subsequently, he leaves Rome with other Polish Bishops.
  On December 16 he returns to Warsaw.
  1970
During the night of February 15 his father, Stanisław Wyszyński dies. Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński leads family prayers by the bedside of his late father.
  On February 18 he conducts the funeral service of his late father and walks him to the place of eternal rest in the parish cemetery in Wrociszewo. Cardinal Karol Wojtyła is also present at the funeral
  On October 10 Cardinal Wyszyński travels to Rome from Warsaw.
  On October 17 he is received in audience by Paul VI.
  On October 25 he attends the ceremony of canonization of 40 English Martyrs.
  On November 8 he is received by the Holy Father for dinner and a conversation.
  On November 9 he is received together with Polish Bishops and Cardinal Karol Wojtyła before their trip back to Poland.
  On December 25 he celebrates a pontifical Mass in the Cathedral of St John the Baptist in Warsaw. Afterwards, he addresses the issue of the tragic incidents on the Baltic Coast (several striking shipyard workers were shot to death by the authorities).
  1971
On March 3 he meets with Prime Minister Piotr Jaroszewicz in the building of the Council of Ministers and discusses with him the normalization of relations between Church and state. Together with the entire Episcopate of Poland Primate Wyszyński performs on September 5 the Act of devoting humanity to the Mother of the Church. During the pontifical Mass celebrated by Cardinal Karol Wojtyła in the Jasna Góra Sanctuary Cardinal Wyszyński delivers the homily.
  On September 26 he leaves for Rome to attend the Synod of Bishops.
  On September 30 he participates in the pontifical Mass celebrated by Paul VI in the Sistine Chapel on the opening of the Synod of Bishops.
  On October 11 he participates in the Synod’s Plenary Congregation, which is in session until November 6. He is granted a private audience with the Holy Father, during which he thanks the Pope for assigning the canonization of Father Maximilian Kolbe and for his participation in the ceremony.
  On October 17 he is present in St Peter’s Basilica for the beatification of Father Maximilian Maria Kolbe. He concelebrates the Eucharist with the Pope. He receives an invitation to dinner from the Holy Father with Cardinal Karol Wojtyła and Bishop Władysław Rubin.
  On October 18 he attends the public audience of His Holiness Paul VI for the pilgrims who came for the beatification ceremony of Maximilian Kolbe. Cardinal-Primate addresses the Pope on behalf of his compatriots, and gives him the portrait of the newly beatified fr. Maximilian Maria Kolbe as a gift from the Polish Bishops. He concelebrates the Eucharist for the Polish pilgrims and delivers a speech.
  On November 17 he returns to Warsaw.
  On November 17 – 20 he receives Archbishop Agostino Casaroli and his colleagues.
  1972
During the Conference of the Episcopate of Poland on June 28 he announces the Holy See’s decision concerning the canon regulation of the issues related to the Church administration in Poland’s Western and Northern Territories.
  On August 23 he testifies as a witness in the beatification process of the Servant of God Pope John XXIII. On October 15 he attends the ceremony honoring the Blessed Maximilian Maria Kolbe. The ceremony takes place in the former concentration camp in Brzezinka- Auschwitz, where Father Kolbe sacrificed his life for another prisoner. Cardinal Wyszyński gives a homily.
  On October 30 he gives a homily during the Eucharist celebrated in the Wrocław Cathedral by the Bishops from the Western Polish Territories in gratitude for the Holy See’s decision.
  On November 5 he leaves for Rome leading a group of Bishops from the Western Territories to express their gratitude to the Pope for the decisions regulating the Church administration in this region.
  On November 9 the Holy Father receives the delegation of the Episcopate of Poland which comes to pay tribute for the decisions pertaining the lands reunited with Poland after the Second World War. The Primate of Poland delivers a speech as a representative of the delegation.
  On December 2 he is received in audience by the Pope to bid farewell before he leaves Rome.
  On December 4 he returns to Warsaw.
  1973
On April 30 he celebrates Mass during the funeral of Rev. Antoni Marylski, co-founder of the Institute for the Blind in Laski near Warsaw, Poland. Cardinal Wyszyński delivers the homily and walks in the procession to the cemetery.
  On May 10 he opens the first session of the Third Synod of the Archdiocese of Warsaw. He celebrates Mass in the Warsaw Cathedral and gives the homily. He then participates in the plenary session of the Synod. Next sessions are held on: May 16, June 7, September 27, October 10, October 16, November 15, and December 28.
  On June 17 he attends a public session devoted to Mikołaj Kopernik (Copernicus) in the Frombork Cathedral. Cardinal Wyszyński conducts the ceremony.
  On October 7 he takes part in the coronation ceremony of the painting of the Merciful Mother of God in the Cathedral of St John the Baptist in Warsaw. He gives a homily and performs the coronation.
  On October 18 he is present during a ceremony of laying the caskets of King Kazimierz Jagiellończyk and Queen Elizabeth back to the restored royal tombs in the Wawel Castle in Cracow, Poland. The Cardinal-Primate delivers the homily On November 18 he leaves for Rome.
  On November 21 he is received by Pope Paul VI in private audience. On December 1 he is again granted a private audience with the Pope. He presents the Holy Father with the paintings of Rev. J. Volff, which are to be displayed in the Vatican collection called Arte moderna. Primate Wyszyński reports on the state of pastoral work in the Archdioceses of Gniezno and Warsaw. Together with Bishop Władysław Rubin and Prelate A. Deskurs he is received on December 9 by the Holy Father in his private apartment for dinner. He leaves for Warsaw.
  On December 28 he attends a concluding service for the Third Synod of the Archdiocese of Warsaw.
  1974
On January 11 he delivers the first conference in a cycle of three in Warsaw’s St Cross Church, it is entitled God’s man – people’s Brother.
  On January 20 he delivers the second conference at St Cross Church, entitled Homo Oeconomicus.
  On January 27 he delivers the third conference in this Church, God’s man – put under authority (Homo Politicus).
  On February 6 he receives Archbishop A. Casaroli and the delegation from the Holy See.
  On February 7 he attends the Eucharist in Warsaw’s Cathedral of St John the Baptist, which is concelebrated by Archbishop Casaroli.
  On March 13 he performs the funeral ceremony of Cardinal Bolesław Kominek.
  On August 3 he attends the ceremony in Warsaw’s Cathedral of St John the Baptist on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of his ordination into the priesthood. He delivers the homily.
  On August 5 he attends the service of the clergy from the Diocese of Gniezno in the Chapel of Virgin Mary in the Jasna Góra Sanctuary. The service is held on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of Cardinal Wyszyński’s first celebration of the Holy Mass. He gives the homily.
  On September 19 he delivers the homily in the Cathedral of St John the Baptist in Warsaw during the opening ceremonies of the “Sacrosong ’74” Religious Music Festival.
  On September 24 he leaves for the Synod of Bishops in Rome.
  On September 27 he is present at the Mass celebrated by Paul VI in the Sistine Chapel on opening of the Synod.
  On October 5 he is received by Pope Paul VI in an hour-long audience.
  On October 13 the Holy Father invites him and Cardinal Karol Wojtyła to dinner in his private apartment. Together with other members of the Synod he attends the Liturgy of the Word celebrated by the Pope on October 20 in Collegio Urbana. Afterwards, they eat dinner with Pope Paul VI.
  On October 26 Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński attends the closing session of the Synod and offers gifts brought by the Synod members to the Holy Father.
  On November 7 he is granted a private audience by Paul VI. After the audience, together with Archbishop A. Baraniak, Bishop B. Dąbrowski and the Primate’s and the Episcopate’s secretaries, he gives the Holy Father the Episcopate’s Jubillee Candle.
  On November 11 he returns to Warsaw.
  On November 30 he attends a service in Henryk Sienkiewicz’s intention on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of his burial in the Cathedral vaults. Cardinal Wyszyński gives the homily.
  1975
On January 12 he delivers his first conference in the cycle about the Roman Synod of Bishops; next conferences take place on January 19, January 26, and April 13. Primate Wyszyński then coducts a thanksgiving service in the Cathedral in Oliwa of the Diocese of Gdańsk on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of establishing this diocese. He gives a homily. He also takes part in other anniversary celebrations.
  On April 27 he conducts the celebration marking the 975th anniversary of designating the Archdiocese of Gniezno. Together with around forty Bishops he participates in a procession with relics of St Adalbert from St Michael’s Church to the Cathedral. During the pontifical Mass Cardinal Karol Wojtyła delivers the homily and in a formal prayer gives thanks for the history of the Archiodese. After the service he speaks from the balcony to the faithful gathered in front of his residence.
  On May 11 Primate Wyszyński leaves for Rome.
  On May 17 he attends a service of the Marian Congress in the Basilica of Saint Mary Major and he gives the homily.
  On May 18 he is present at a Mass for the participants of the Mariological and Marian Congress and for the pilgrims in the Basilica of St Peter.
  On May 21 he participates in the closing works of the Marian Congress in the Basilica of St John Lateran.
  On May 22 he is granted a private audience with the Holy Father. On May 27 he returns to Warsaw.
  On June 2 he attends the ceremony marking the 90th anniversary of the Diocese of Płock and gives the homily. In the afternoon he takes part in a symposium, for which he delivers the opening speech in the Cathedral. He conducts the ceremony of laying the caskets of King Władysław Herman and King Bolesław Krzywousty back to the restored royal tombs. He delivers the homily.
  On August 17 he delivers a homily during the Eucharist in the Koszalin Cathedral as part of the ceremonies marking the 975th anniversary of establishing the Archdiocese of Gniezno and the Diocese in Kołobrzeg, PL.
  On September 6 he chairs a symposium in the Łomża Cathedral devoted to the 50 years of the Diocese of Łomża. He delivers an opening and a closing speech during the symposium. He attends the pontifical Mass in the courtyard of the Cathedral.
  On September 18 in Częstochowa he takes part in a thanksgiving prayer of the clergy from Lubaczów, PL on the occasion of the sexcentenary of establishing the Archdiocese of Lviev.
  On October 6 he leaves for Rome.
  On October 8 he attends a session of the Polish Bishops going on the national pilgrimage on the occasion of the Holy Roman Year.
  On October 9 he is received in private audience by Pope Paul VI.
  On October 11 he leads the national jubillee pilgrimage to Rome. He addresses the Pope on behalf of the Polish pilgrims during the audience. He delivers the homily to the pilgrims from Poland during the pontifical High Mass celebrated by Cardinal Karol Wojtyła in the Basilica of St John Lateran.
  On October 19 he attends the beatification of Mother Maria Teresa Ledóchowska and other missionaries.
  On October 21 he returns to Poland from Rome.
  On December 3 he leaves for Rome with the Bishops going on a pilgrimage for the Holy Roman Year.
  On December 6 he leads a pilgrimage of the Polish Bishops in the Basilica of St Peter. The jubilee pilgrimage of the 28 Bishops is received by the Holy Father in special audience. The Primate of Poland gives a speech on realizing the decisions of the Second Vatican Council in Poland.
  On December 8 (Solemnity of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary) together with the pilgrim Bishops he attends a ceremony in honor of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary. He concelebrates the Eucharist with the Pope and joins in his prayer to the Mother of the Church. He takes part in a ceremony in the Basilica of Saint Mary Major, during which the Holy Father says a special prayer to Mary devoting the entire human Family to the Mother of the Church.
  On December 15 he is granted an hour-long audience by the Holy Father.
  On December 16 he comes back to Warsaw.
  1976
On January 11 he delivers the first conference in a cycle of three in Warsaw’s St Cross Church, entitled Mother – Son – Family.
  On January 18 he delivers the second conference in this Church, entitled Family – Nation – Society.
  On January 25 he delivers the third conference in St Cross Church, entitled Nation – Church – State.
  On May 5 he attends a prayer of the Helpers of the Mother of the Church in the Corpus Christi parish in Warsaw, and he delivers a conference.
  On May 14 he receives those Bishops who are to attend the 41st International Eucharistic Congress in Philadelphia as a delegation from Poland. He receives Archbishop J. Bernardin and the delegation of the Episcopate of the United States of America who came on the invitation of the Episcopate of Poland. He holds a conference with the US delegation on the subject of The organization of the pastoral work among Poles living in the United States.
  On May 16 he is present at the ceremony honoring the Blessed Maria Teresa Ledóchowska, and he delivers the homily on this occasion.
  On June 13 he attends the celebration of the sexcentenary of establishing the Diocese of Przemyśl. He gives the homily.
  On August 3 he accepts birthday wishes on his 75th birthday from the nuns who visit him in the Archbishops’ House in Warsaw and from the representatives of the state authorities. Bishop Bronisław Dąbrowski gives best wishes to the Primate on behalf of the clergy.
  On October 18 Primate Wyszyński travels to Rome.
  On October 23 he is received in private audience by Pope Paul VI.
  On October 29 he is again received by the Holy Father in private audience. He receives a blessing on his further pastoral work in both of the Archdioceses that he is responsible for.
  On November 5 he returns to Warsaw.
  1977
On February 19 he is admitted to a surgical hospital, where he stays until March 9.
  On April 24 he receives 19 Bishops who come to Gniezno for the feast of St Adalbert. Together with Cardinal J. Höffner from Cologne he takes part in a procession from St Michael’s Church to the Hill of Lech. He unveils and consecrates a plaque commemorating the 975th anniversary of announcing the Metropolitan See of Gniezno. He gives the homily during the pontifical Mass celebrated by Archbishop Henryk Gulbinowicz of Wrocław. At the conclusion of the ceremonies on the feast of St Adalbert he speaks from his balcony to the faithful gathered in front of his residence.
  On August 20 he takes a break from work because of health problems. He undergoes surgery on September 20.
  On October 1 he is discharged from the University Medical Clinic in Warsaw; he recuperates from the surgery.
  On October 9 he celebrates his first Mass after the operation.
  On October 26 he resumes work in the Archdiocese of Warsaw. He participates in the session of Warsaw’s Metropolitan Curia. He meets with the First Secretary of the Communist Party Edward Gierek in the building of the Polish Parliament (Sejm) and they have a long conversation about the affairs of the Nation and the Church in Poland.
  On November 6 before traveling to Rome he attends a Mass of thanksgiving for his health requested for by the faithful. He gives the homily.
  On November 8 he leaves for Rome to make an ad limina visit.
  On November 11 he is granted a private audience with Paul VI.
  On November 12 the Pope receives in audience the Polish Auxiliary Bishops with Cardinal Primate at their head. Cardinal Wyszyński addresses the Pope on behalf of the present Bishops.
  On November 19 he is admitted to S. Raffaele Clinic, where he stays for a week.
  On November 29 he attends a meeting of a Polish delegation with the Italian society during a visit of Edward Gierek to the Vatican.
  On December 5 he is received by the Holy Father in a farewell audience before the Primate’s trip back to Poland.
  On December 30 he receives Mrs. Rosalynn Carter, wife of the US President, and the US National Security Advisor to President Jimmy Carter, Professor Zbigniew Brzeziński.
  1978
On January 6 after the Eucharist in the Warsaw Cathedral he delivers a conference about the Polish Bishops’ ad limina pilgrimage to Rome and about the affairs of the Polish Church in connection with Edward Gierek’s visit to the Vatican and his meeting with the Pope.
  On August 10 he gives a homily in the Warsaw Cathedral about the late Pope Paul VI.
  On August 11 he flies to Rome with Cardinal Karol Wojtyła to attend the Conclave.
  On August 25 he participates in the prayer service on the opening of the Conclave. The Cardinal electors celebrate the Eucharist to the Holy Spirit.
  On August 26 he participates in the Conclave, during which John Paul I (Cardinal Albino Luciani) is elected Pope.
  On August 27 he leaves the Conclave after a Mass concelebrated with the newly elected Pope.
  On August 30 he is present at a general audience of the Pope with the Cardinals. He is then granted a private audience with the Holy Father.
  On September 3 he attends the Papal Inauguration Mass.
  On September 4 together with Cardinal Karol Wojtyła and Bishop Bronisław Dąbrowski he visits the Polish Embassy in Rome.
  On September 12 he flies back to Warsaw.
  On September 20 he flies to Frankfurt together with Cardinal Karol Wojtyła, Bishop Jerzy Stroba and a delegation of the Episcopate of Poland to attend the Conference of the Episcopate of Germany in Fulda.
  On September 21 he takes part in the Conference of the German Episcopate. Later he participates in a solemn service in the Cathedral of Fulda and gives the homily.
  On September 22 he attends a solemn service in the Cologne Cathedral together with Cardinal J. Höffner and Cardinal K. Wojtyła. He gives the homily.
  On September 23 in the Marian Shrine of Neviges he joins a Polish pilgrimage. He addresses the Polish pilgrims during service celebrated by Cardinal Karol Wojtyła. He delivers the homily during service in the Munich Cathedral. In the morning of September 24 he leaves for Dachau, where he celebrates liturgy in a Chapel in the former concentration camp. He delivers a speech during service in the Mainz Cathedral.
  On September 25 he returns to Cologne and visits the Polish Ambassador to the Federal Republic of Germany J. Chyliński. He then returns to Warsaw.
  On September 29 he is informed about the death of Pope John Paul I.
  On October 4 he gives the homily about the late John Paul I during liturgy in the Warsaw Cathedral.
  On October 6 he flies to Rome for the Conclave.
  On October 14 he attends the Eucharist to the Holy Spirit in St Peter’s Basilica on the opening of the Conclave.
  On October 15 the Conclave takes place in the Sistine Chapel. On October 16 the Conclave continues.

  October 16, 1978
  His Holiness John Paul II
At approximately 5:30 pm the election concludes. Cardinal Karol Wojtyła from Cracow is elected Pope. The new Pope adopts the name John Paul II. The Primate of Poland speaks with the new Pope.
  On October 17 he concelebrates Mass with John Paul II in the Sistine Chapel. The Conclave is concluded.
  On October 18 the Holy Father receives the College of Cardinals in general audience. The Pope then receives Primate Wyszyński, Bishop Bronisław Dąbrowski and Rev. Bronisław Piasecki for dinner. In the evening Cardinal Wyszyński meets with the Polish Ambassador S. Trepczyński and Minister Z. Szablewski in the Polish Institute.
  On October 21 he gives the homily during Mass in the Polish national Church dedicated to St Stanislaus in Rome. He addresses the Polish pilgrims from all quarters of the world.
  On October 22 he concelebrates the Papal Inauguration Mass of John Paul II. In the Il Gesu Church he concelebrates the Eucharist of thanksgiving with the Polish Bishops and Cardinal J. Król from the USA in gratitude for the election of John Paul II. He delivers the homily.
  On October 23 he is present during a special audience with John Paul II for the Polish pilgrims. He addresses the Pope and later attends a special farewell audience for the Polish Bishops before their return to Poland.
  On October 24 he visits the Polish Embassy one more time and meets with the Chairman of the State Council, Professor H. Jabłoński, who came to the Vatican to attend the inauguration of John Paul II’s pontificate.
  On October 26 he is received by the Pope in private audience. He later eats dinner with the Holy Father, Bishop B. Dąbrowski and Prelate H. Goździewicz.
  On October 29 he flies back to Warsaw.
  On November 6 he delivers a speech during a ceremony in honor of John Paul II in the Warsaw Cathedral of St John the Baptist.
  1979
On January 24 he meets with the First Secretary of the Communist Party Edward Gierek. On March 4 in the Primatial Basilica he participates in a Liturgy celebrating the upcoming visit of John Paul II to Poland.
  On March 19 he testifies as witness in the beatification process of the Servant of God Rev. W. Korniłowicz.
  On April 21 he consecrates in the Primatial Basilica his longtime Chaplain Rev. Józef Glemp, who is designated Auxiliary Bishop of Warmia (this is Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński’s last, 45th consecration of a Bishop).
  On May 16 he leaves for Rome. He is granted an audience with Pope John Paul II.
  On May 17 he is granted a private audience with the Pope. In the evening he attends the ceremony marking the 400th anniversary of the death of the Servant of God Cardinal Stanisław Hozjusz. He gives a speech.
  On May 20 he is received by the Pope in private audience and lunch together with a group of Polish priests in St. John’s Tower in the Vatican Gardens.
  On May 22 he returns to Warsaw. On May 23 he receives Archbishop P. Marcinkus, who is to accompany the Pope during his visit to Poland. He attends a session of the Warsaw Committee on Receiving the Holy Father in Poland.
  On May 29 he meets with the First Secretary of the Communist Party Edward Gierek and discusses with him the details of the Holy Father’s trip to Poland.
  On May 30 together with the Head of the Office for Religious Denominations K. Kąkol and Mayor of Warsaw J. Majewski he flies on board a helicopter making a test flight before carrying the Pope.
  On June 2 the Holy Father arrives in Warsaw. There is a welcome ceremony at the Airport of Okęcie. The Primate greets the Pope in the Cathedral of St John the Baptist. He accompanies John Paul II to the Belvedere Palace, residence of the Polish President, during his meeting with the state authorities. He formally greets the Holy Father in the Victory Square before he celebrates Mass there. He introduces a Catholic delegation of the Warsaw society to the Pope.
  On June 3 he accompanies the Holy Father en route to Gniezno. He formally welcomes the Pope in Gębarzewo outside Gniezno and accompanies him to the Cathedral. Before the main Liturgy on the Hill of Lech he delivers a speech of welcome to the Holy Father. He introduces the youths gathered in front of the Gniezno Cathedral to the Pope.
  On June 4 he accompanies the Holy Father during flight from Gniezno to Częstochowa. He gives a speech of welcome before the pontifical High Mass in the Jasna Góra Monastery. He gives a speech during dinner on behalf of the Episcopate, the Pauline Fathers, and the clergy.
  On June 5 he gives a formal speech of welcome to the Holy Father during a session of the General Council of the Episcopate of Poland. He also welcomes the Pope during the opening ceremony of the 169th Conference of the Episcopate. He conducts the Jasna Góra Appeal (a special prayer to the Black Madonna).
  On June 6 in the Jasna Góra Chapel of the Mother of God he celebrates a Mass in thanksgiving for the Pope’s visit to Jasna Góra. He chairs a session of the Episcopate’s General Council and the Plenary Conference attended by John Paul II. He walks His Holiness to the helicopter, which carries him to Cracow.
  On June 7 he celebrates Mass in thanksgiving for the Holy Father’s visit to Jasna Góra.
  On June 8 he celebrates a thanksgiving Mass in the intention of the Holy Father’s safe stay in Poland.
  On June 9 he celebrates Mass in thanksgiving for the Pope’s visit to Poland. He travels to Cracow and attends a meeting of the Pope with the Polish Bishops and international guests.
  On June 10 he greets the Pope at Błonie Park in Cracow before the pontifical High Mass there. During dinner before the Holy Father’s departure he delivers a speech in which he expresses his sincere gratitude for the Pope’s apostolic journey to Poland. He walks the Holy Father to the plane in the Balice Airport (outside Cracow). He returns to Częstochowa.
  On June 11 he celebrates a thanksgiving Mass in the Jasna Góra Chapel of the Mother of God.
  On June 24 at the conclusion of the Visitation of the Black Madonna painting in the Archdiocese of Gniezno he gives the homily. The Visitation of the Black Madonna commences in the Diocese of Częstochowa.
  On June 28 he flies to Rome accompanied by the Primate’s Secretary Prelate H. Goździewicz, Chaplain Rev. B. Piasecki, and Rev. J. Dąbrowski.
  On June 29 he is received in audience by the Pope. On behalf of the Polish Episcopate he expresses gratitude to John Paul II for his pilgrimage to Poland.
  On June 30 he attends the secret Consistory and then he participates in the public Consistory.
  On July 1 he takes part in the pontifical High Mass in the Basilica of St Peter on the occasion of proclaiming the names of the new Cardinals by John Paul II.
  On July 2 he returns to Warsaw.
  On August 5 in the Frombork Cathedral he attends a solemn ceremony marking the 400th anniversary of the death of the Servant of God Cardinal Stanisław Hozjusz. Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński gives the homily.
  On August 26 during the pontifical High Mass in the Jasna Góra Sanctuary he gives the homily about entrusting oneself to the Mother of the Church following the example of John Paul II. He performs the Act of Renewing the Jasna Góra Vows of the Polish Nation.
  On October 16, the first anniversary of the election of John Paul II as Successor of Peter, he attends Church ceremonies on this occasion.
  On October 23 together with Bishop B. Dąbrowski he travels to Rome to attend the Extraordinary Congregation of the Cardinals. In the evening he is granted a private audience with the Pope. The Holy Father invites the Primate to supper.
  On November 3 he is received together with Bishop B. Dąbrowski in audience by the Pope. He is invited to a screening of the movie “Pilgrim.” He is also invited to the Rosary by the Pope and to supper together with his Secretaries.
  On November 9 the Pope receives him in private audience with Bishop B. Dąbrowski.
  On November 10 he travels back to Warsaw.
  1980
On January 10 in Choszczówka, PL he says a prayer to the Jasna Góra Mother of God under the telling title of Speak, so that missiles become bread.
  On March 17 he delivers the homily after a Mass commemorating the victims of an aircraft crash in the Okęcie Airport, Warsaw, Poland.
  On May 10 he consecrates the cornerstone laid at the foundation of a new building of the Archdiocesan Seminary in Warsaw. He gives a speech.
  On May 21 he gives the homily during Mass in the Primatial Basilica on the occasion of opening the public session of the Second Synod of the Archdiocese of Gniezno. He then attends the Synod’s session.

  August ’80
  Solidarity has arisen!
On August 25 he receives the communist political leader Stanisław Kania and travels to Klarysewo to meet with Edward Gierek.
  On August 31, 1980 Lech Wałęsa, the legendary leader of Solidarity signs the Gdańsk Agreement.
  On September 12–15 he participates in the ceremonies attended also by the delegation of the Episcopate of Germany.
  On October 21 he holds a conversation with the First Secretary of the Communist Party Stanisław Kania in Natolin. They discuss the social and economic situation of Poland.
  On October 23 he flies to Rome. He is granted a private audience with John Paul II.
  On October 28 he is present during the audience of the Pope with the pilgrims from Poland, who came for the beatification ceremony of Alojzy Orione. He delivers a speech.
  On October 29 together with Bishop B. Dąbrowski he is received in audience by the Pope and invited to supper with the Pope.
  On November 4 he is received on the conclusion of talks concerning the affairs of the Church in Poland.
  On November 5 he receives John Paul II in the Polish Institute in Rome, Italy.
  On November 8 he returns to Warsaw, Poland.
  On November 10 he receives a delegation of the Independent Self-governing Trade Union Solidarity with Lech Wałęsa at the head. The Primate gives a speech.
  1981
On January 6 he receives a worldfamous Baptist preacher Billy Graham.
  On February 6 he receives the representatives of the Trade Union Solidarity led by the Chairman of the National Coordination Committee Lech Wałęsa. Primate Wyszyński also receives a delegation of the Solidarity Farmers’ Union. Cardinal Wyszyński delivers a speech. During a radio broadcast of the Holy Mass on March 22 the message entitled The Word from the Primate of Poland is read. In this message Cardinal Wyszyński appeals to the public for “calm, stability, and responsibility,” and to the state authorities for “respect of the mental and physical integrity of each citizen.”
  On March 26 he speaks with Prime Minister General Wojciech Jaruzelski.
  On March 28 he gives the homily at the conclusion of a retreat for writers in St Anna’s Church in Warsaw.
  On April 2 he delivers a speech to the National Founding Committee of the Solidarity Farmers’ Union. In April the Primate’s Secretary makes an announcement about the Cardinal’s illness.
  On May 14 Primate Wyszyński records on tape his speech to the faithful. This recording is later played in the Warsaw Cathedral and in Warsaw’s Castle Square during Masses in the Holy Father’s intention after his assassination on May 13.
  On May 15 an announcement is issued about the Primate’s state of health.
  On May 16 Primate Stefan Wyszyński receives the Sacrament of Anointing of the Sick in a solemn manner. He thanks his close ones for their work and assistance.
  On May 25 he speaks on the telephone with Pope John Paul II.
  On May 28 in the Archbishops’ House in Warsaw the Primate of Poland dies. The Cardinal lays in state in the audience room of the Primate’s Warsaw Residence. People living in Warsaw come to pay tribute to the late Cardinal. In the evening the casket is taken in a solemn procession to St Joseph’s Church. The faithful keep coming in great numbers for four days to pay tribute to their Shepherd.
  On May 31 in the Victory Square in Warsaw – the place of the memorable Mass celebrated by John Paul II in 1979 – the Eucharist is celebrated for Cardinal Primate by the Vatican’s Secretary of State Cardinal Agostino Casaroli. Leading the state delegation is the Chairman of the Council of State, Professor Hanryk Jabłoński. After the Mass the casket is taken to the Warsaw Cathedral and laid in a crypt of the Archbishops of Warsaw. The sarcophagus is inscribed: Stefan Cardinal Wyszyński Primate of Poland.

Translated by Gabriela Gacka

+ Stefan Kardynał Wyszyński

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