Friedrich Daniel Schleiermacher

Friedrich Daniel Schleiermacher

Friedrich Daniel Schleiermacher (1768–1834), German theologian, philosopher and classical philologist. In his Über die Religion. Reden an die Gebildeten unter ihren Verächtern (On Religion: Speeches to Its Cultured Despisers, Cambridge, MA 1988), written in 1799 as a kind of literary confession, Schleiermacher used for the first time in history the word Personalism (der Personalismus). Friedrich Ernst Daniel Schleiermacher was born on November 21, 1768 in Breslau, Silesia (now Wrocław, Poland) as a son of Gottlieb and Katharina-Maria. His father was a military chaplain.

His major works are: Der christliche Glaube, 1821–1822 (The Christian Faith), Die Weihnachtsfeier, 1805 (Christmas Celebration), Monologen, 1800 (Soliloquies). Schleiermacher’s works, Sämtliche Werke have been published in 30 volumes in three parts: 1. Theologie (Theology), 2. Predigten (Sermons), 3. Philosophie (Philosophy), 1835–1864.

“In religion personalism and the pantheistic type of representation opposed to personalism.”

All the variations of religion, to which I have already drawn your attention here and there, are just as insufficient to produce a thoroughly defined, individual form of religion (ein Individuum). Those three so frequently dduced ways of observing the universe (das Universum) as chaos, as system, and in its elementary multiplicity are far removed from being individual and specific religions.

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